Spesies billfish (ikan berparuh) sebenar dibahagi kepada dua keluarga dan lima genus. Keluarga Xiphiidae hanya ada satu spesies iaitu Xiphias gladius atau ikan pedang (swordfish), dan keluarga lainnya, Istiophoridae, mengandungi 11 spesies dalam empat genus termasuk marlin, spearfish, dan sailfish.

 

Ada kontroversi tentang berkait marlin biru Indo-Pasifik, Makaira mazara, adalah spesies yang sama dengan marlin biru Atlantik, M. nigricans. Menurut Fishbase (Nakamura, 1985) dalam mengenali M. mazara sebagai spesies yang berbeza yang merujuk kepada pola sistem garis lateral.

 

SWORDFISH

Family: Xiphiidae

Genus: Xiphias

Common name: Swordfish

Scientific name: Xiphias gladius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Maximum length: 455cm

Common length: 300cm

Maximum weight: 650kg

 

SAILFISH ATLANTIC SAILFISH

Family: Istiophoridae

Genus: Istiophorus

Common name: Sailfish Atlantic sailfish

Scientific name: Istiophorus albicans

Maximum length: 315cm

Maximum weight: 58.1kg

 

INDO-PACISFIC SAILFISH

Family: Istiophoridae

Genus: Istiophorus

Common name: Indo-Pacific sailfish

Scientific name: Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)

Maximum length: 340cm

Maximum weight: 100kg

 

BLACK MARLIN

Family: Istiophoridae

IKLAN

Genus: Istiompax

Common name: Black marlin

Scientific name: Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832)

Maximum length: 465cm

Common length: 380cm

Maximum weight: 750kg

 

INDO-PASIFIC MARLIN

Family: Istiophoridae

Genus: Makaira

Common name: Indo-Pacific marlin

Scientific name: Makaira mazara (Jordan and Snyder, 1901)

Maximum length: 500cm

Common length: 350cm

Maximum weight: 625kg

 

ATLANTIC BLUE MARLIN

Family: Istiophoridae

Genus: Makaira

Common name: Atlantic blue marlin

Scientific name: Makaira nigricans (Lacépède, 1802)

Maximum length: 500cm

Common length: 290cm

Maximum weight: 820kg

 

WHITE MARLIN

Family: Istiophoridae

Genus: Tetrapturus

Common name: White marlin

Scientific name: Tetrapturus albidus (Kajikia albidaPoey, 1860)

Maximum length: 300cm

Common length: 210cm

Maximum weight: 82.5kg

 

SHORTBILL SPEARFISH

Family: Istiophoridae

Genus: Tetrapturus

Common name: Shortbill spearfish

Scientific name: Tetrapturus angustirostris (Tanaka, 1915)

Maximum length: 200cm

Maximum weight: 52kg

 

STRIPED MARLIN

Family: Istiophoridae

Genus: Tetrapturus

Common name: Striped marlin

Scientific name: Tetrapturus audax/Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)

Maximum length: 350cm

Maximum weight: 200kg

 

ROUNDSCALE SPEARFISH

Family: Istiophoridae

Genus: Tetrapturus

Common name: Roundscale spearfish

Scientific name: Tetrapturus georgii (Lowe, 1841)

Maximum length: 184cm

Maximum weight: 24kg

 

MEDITERRANEAN SPEARFISH

Family: Istiophoridae

Genus: Tetrapturus

Common name: Mediterranean spearfish

Scientific name: Tetrapturus belone (Rafinesque, 1810)

Maximum length: 240cm

Common length: 200cm

Maximum weight: 70kg

 

LONGBILL SPEARFISH

Family: Istiophoridae

Genus: Tetrapturus

Common name: Longbill spearfish

Scientific name: Tetrapturus pfluegeri (Robins and de Sylva, 1963)

Maximum length: 254cm

Common length: 165cm

Maximum weight: 58kg